Born 1909 in Serdytsi, Lviv Region in Ukraine; died January 15, 1968 in Zurich. Painter. Having studied art in Warsaw, Rome, and Milan, in 1939 he became an assistant and later a lecturer at the Brera Academy in Milan. During the war he fought with the Italian Legion on the Soviet front, and his experience had a determining impact on his artistic work. From 1956 he maintained studios in Zurich and New York, and participated in over one hundred exhibitions in the United States and Europe.